& Viola Facts
Pansies & Violas are
one of the best ways to add color to those 6 months of
cooler weather that we experience from October thru
March. Most annual flowers that are used by gardeners
are those included in the warm season annual group and
dominate the warmer months from May thru October and are
killed by the onset of killing frost conditions. Pansies
and Violas are cool season annuals that are
generally hardy thru the winter months and dominate the
cooler months of the year.
NOTE: For pansies to
perform with strong winter hardiness, it is important to
them started and well rooted before winter.
Pansies prefer good soil
preparation planting to provide an oragnic, uniform and
consistent soil texture. This can be achieve by
incorporating Daddy Pete's Composted Cow Manure into the
soil at a 50/50 ration which assisting organic matter
and nutrients as well as improves soil drainage.
We also encourage you to add
Fertilome Premium Pansy Fertilizer to the soil when
planting your pansies and Violas and finish that off
with a 1" layer of Pine Bark Humus soil conditioner to
aid in moisture retention and root insulation.
Now that you had heard me
reference Violas, well let me explain. All pansies are
technically Violas being their botanical name, but
Violas in our trade are typically recognized as a type
of Pansy that has smaller blossoms much like what used
to be known as Johnny Jump Ups. The unique thing about
Violas is that they display great heat and cold
Though all pansies are
considered to be quite hardy during the cooler periods,
the Violas definitely present a stronger level of cold
and heat tolerance. This means they Violas will color
longer in the coldest winter months and are more durable
to the heat in May during the end of their duration.
Violas have become one of my
favorite cool seasonal annuals and among my favorite are
the Rocky Blue For You, Rocky Primrose, Rocky Golden
Yellow, and Rocky Purple & White. Though the blooms are
smaller, the volume of blooms is much much heavier and
the color is solid and intense.
Also, a good suggestion, to ensure
strong root development and improved winter hardiness,
is to 2 applications of Fertilome Root Stimulator to
your pansies following planting appx. 10-14 days apart.
This is a liquid solution that provides a well balance
fertilizer high in Phosphorous along with Vitamin B1 and
IBA, a rooting hormone to promote quick root
When I reference pansies and Violas,
I commonly think of three primary categories being the
The category primary includes the large colored blossoms with dark centered
"faces" within displaying strong bi-color blossom patterns.
Pure Color Pansies
This category primary includes medium sized blossoms with solid colors of a
multitude of colors including yellow, white, blues, purples, orange, & reds. A
series commonly referenced in this category is the Delta pure colors.
category, as I explained above, consist of a smaller
blossomed viola producing large amount of blossoms in a
compact mounding plant. Colors range from solid to
bi-color patterns for a blast of color.